Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women globally, with nearly 1.7 million new cases and 0.52 million death in 2012 (according to WHO). However, breast cancer treatment technologies are getting better all the time, and patients have many more options today than ever before. With so many choices, it’s a good idea to learn as much as you can know about which one can help you the most. Oncologist from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou introduces various breast cancer treatments for you.
The most common breast cancer treatments include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Surgery is divided into several types, including breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy), mastectomy, and lymph node dissection. Decisions about surgery depend on many factors. Radiotherapy uses controlled doses of radiation to kill breast cancer cells. It’s usually given after surgery and chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves using anti-cancer (cytotoxic) medication to kill the cancer cells. It’s usually used after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that haven’t been removed. This is called adjuvant chemotherapy. In some cases, you may have chemotherapy before surgery, which is often used to shrink a large tumor. This is called neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.
However, surgeries cause big surgical trauma which is susceptible to infection, yet it cannot kill the cancer cells completely. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy may kill tumor effectively. However, there are so many side effects such as infections, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, tiredness, hair loss sore mouth etc. And they kill not only cancer cells, but normal cells as well, which create a favorable environment for cancer regrowth.
At present, minimally invasive therapy for breast cancer is an advanced method internationally, which has advantages of small trauma, few side effects, quick recovery, no surgery, better therapeutic effect etc, greatly reducing breast cancer patient’s pain. Minimally invasive therapy for breast cancer includes interventional therapy, cryotherapy, biological immunotherapy, etc.
Interventional therapy for is performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipments. With a 1-2 millimeter incision, paracentesis could be performed with the lead of medical imaging equipment. Then a special tube, catheter or other sophisticated apparatus are introduced into breast cancer patient’s body to treat the lesion, so as to cut off the cancer’s blood supply.
Cryotherapy, an advanced cancer treatment technology, uses extreme cold to freeze and kill cancer cells. It’s also used to control pain and control bleeding. All cells, including cancer cells, contain water. When cryotherapy freezes the cells, the water turns to ice crystals. These ice crystals, along with the cold itself, destroy the cancer cells. When cryotherapy is used to treat breast cancer in the body, one or more small needles, called cryoprobes, deliver either liquid nitrogen or argon gas directly to the cancer tissue. Ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to put the cryoprobes in exactly the right place.
Biological immunotherapy is a mature cancer treatment technology and widely used. It can kill tumor cells directly, prevent recurrence and metastases, and improve immunity and living standards. Immune cells are collected from human autoimmune cells. Via cultivation in vitro, immune cells increase by thousands of times with powerful targeting killing ability. And then they are infused back to body to kill pathogens, cancer cells, mutant cells in tissues and blood so as to achieve the aim of treating cancer.
Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou is specialized in minimally invasive therapy for breast cancer which attracts a lot of international breast cancer patients to go to China for cancer treatment. A lot of breast cancer patients have got good treatment effect. They have prolonged their survival time, improved their life quality. Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, accredited by JCI (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Organizations), continues to spread advanced cancer treatment technologies world while to brings new hopes for more breast cancer patients.
The oncologist also indicates that it is significant for breast cancer patients to receive suitable treatment as early as possible. Early detection and early treatment help breast cancer to get better treatment effect.